Archbishop Francis Blanchet
Archbishop Francis Blanchet

The degradation of the Coast Indians generally, and of all the Indians west of the Cascade Range, is most directly traceable to the sad effect of intemperance and prostitution. These have, through the ex­tent of whole tribes and bands, so deterio­rated their physical and mental staminas to leave but little hope for their duration and perpetual existence.

— From a report by Archbishop Francis Blanchet of Oregon City to the secretary of education in

Washington, D.C., published in the Jan. 30, 1879, issue